Pennsylvania: Profile

Government 
Governor:Tom Wolf (D)
Treasurer:Timothy Reese (I)
Senators:Bob Casey Jr. (D)
Patrick Toomey (R)
Entered Union:December 12, 1787
U.S. Representatives:18
Area 
Total Area119,280 km2 / 46,054 mi2
Land Area115,883 km2 / 44,743 mi2
Water Area3,397 km2 / 1,312 mi2
Water Area Percentage2.85 %
Time Zone  
Standard TimeGMT -5
Daylight-Saving TimeGMT -4
Weather 
Record High Temperature111°F / 44°C , Phoenixville (July 10, 1936)
Record Low Temperature-42°F / -41°C , Smethport (January 5, 1904)
GDP 
Total Gross Domestic Product (USD Billions)$689,173 (2015)
Per Capita Real GDP (USD)$48,944 (2015)
Population 
Population12,802,503 (2015)
Under 19 Population3,056,649 / 23.875% (2015)
65 and older Population2,181,193 / 17.037% (2015)
Male Population6,262,246 / 48.914% (2015)
Female Population6,540,257 / 51.086% (2015)
Non-English Speaker (at home) 470,970 (2013)
Net International Immigration 61,184 (2015)
Birth Rate (per 1,000)142,268 per 1,000 (2014)
Percent of People Under Poverty Level (%)13.6% (2014)
Major Cities 
CityPopulation (2015)
Philadelphia1,567,442
Pittsburgh304,391
Allentown120,207
Employment 
Employment 5,872,300 (2016)
Average Weekly Wage (USD)$829 (2016)
Unemployment Rate (%)5.7% (2016)
Expenditures 
Per Capita State Spending (USD)$5,381 (2014)
Energy Expenditures per Person (USD)$5,381 (2014)
Expenditures of State and Local Government Employee-Retirement Systems (USD Thousands)$11,697 (2015)
Revenue 
Per Capita Personal Income (USD)$49,745 (2015)
State Internal Revenue Collection (USD Thousands)$136,109 (2015)
Cash and Security Holdings by State Government (USD Thousands)$133,011 (2014)
Per Capita State Tax Collection (USD)$2,675 (2014)
Education 
High School Graduation Rate (%)89% (2014)
Percent of Population with a Bachelor's Degree (%)28.1% (2014)
Percent of Population with an Advanced Degree (%)11% (2014)
Logistics 
Public Road Length (Miles)119,936 Miles (2015)
Gas Tax Rate (%)51.4% (2016)
Number of Public Airports 118 (2015)
Main Airports 
CodeNameCity
ABELehigh Valley InternationalAllentown
AVPWilkes-Barre/Scranton InternationalAvoca
MDTHarrisburg InternationalHarrisburg
PHLPhiladelphia InternationalPhiladelphia
PITPittsburgh InternationalPittsburgh
Ports 
Chester
Erie
Harrisburg
Marcus Hook
Penn Manor
Philadelphia
Pittsburgh

Sources:
Air Nav (2009)
American Association of Port Authorities (AAPA) (2009)
Bureau of Business and Economic Research (2009)
Bureau of Labor Statistics (2009)
Bureau of Transportation (2008)
Education Portal (2010)
Federal Aviation Administration (2009)
Internal Revenue Service (2009)
National Association of State Budget Officers (2008)
National Climatic Data Center (2009)
National Governors Association (2011)
Tax Foundation (2008)
U.S. Census Bureau (2000, 2007, 2008, 2009)
U.S. Department of Commerce Bureau of Economic Analysis (2009)
U.S. Energy Information Administration (2008)
U.S. House of Representatives (2011)
United States Senate (2011)

Glossary