South Dakota: Profile

Government 
Governor:Dennis Daugaard (R)
Treasurer:Rich Sattgast (R)
Senators:John Thune (R)
Mike Rounds (R)
Entered Union:November 2, 1889
U.S. Representatives:1
Area 
Total Area199,729 km2 / 77,116 mi2
Land Area196,350 km2 / 75,811 mi2
Water Area3,379 km2 / 1,305 mi2
Water Area Percentage1.69 %
Time Zone  
Standard TimeGMT -6
Daylight-Saving TimeGMT -5
Weather 
Record High Temperature120°F / 49°C , Usta (near) (July 15, 2006)
Record Low Temperature-58°F / -50°C , McIntosh (February 17, 1936)
GDP 
Total Gross Domestic Product (USD Billions)$46 (2014)
Per Capita Real GDP (USD)$46,688 (2014)
Population 
Population824,082 (2011)
Under 19 Population226,740 / 27.8% (2010)
65 and older Population116,581 / 14.3% (2010)
Male Population407,381 / 50% (2010)
Female Population406,799 / 50% (2010)
Non-English Speaker (at home) 46,384 (2007)
Net International Immigration 688 (2009)
Birth Rate (per 1,000)14.7 per 1,000 (2009)
Percent of People Under Poverty Level (%)14% (2013)
Major Cities 
CityPopulation (2012)
Sioux Falls 159,908
Rapid City 69,854
Aberdeen 26,791
Employment 
Employment 435,600 (2015)
Average Weekly Wage (USD)$716 (2015)
Unemployment Rate (%)3.4% (2014)
Expenditures 
Per Capita State Spending (USD)$4,850 (2013)
Energy Expenditures per Person (USD)$5,569 (2013)
Expenditures of State and Local Government Employee-Retirement Systems (USD Thousands)$419 (2012)
Revenue 
Per Capita Personal Income (USD)$45,279 (2014)
State Internal Revenue Collection (USD Thousands)$7 (2014)
Cash and Security Holdings by State Government (USD Thousands)$14,202 (2013)
Per Capita State Tax Collection (USD)$1,682 (2011)
Education 
High School Graduation Rate (%)91.7% (2014)
Percent of Population with a Bachelor's Degree (%)27.8% (2014)
Percent of Population with an Advanced Degree (%)7.8% (2014)
Largest Universities  
South Dakota State University
University of South Dakota
Black Hills State University
Logistics 
Public Road Length (Miles)82,536 Miles (2012)
Gas Tax Rate (%)30% (2015)
Number of Public Airports 72 (2015)
Main Airports 
CodeNameCity
ABRAberdeen RegionalAberdeen
FSDJoe Foss FieldSioux Falls
PIRPierre RegionalPierre
RAPRapid City RegionalRapid City
Ports 
Sioux Falls

Sources:
Air Nav (2009)
American Association of Port Authorities (AAPA) (2009)
Bureau of Business and Economic Research (2009)
Bureau of Labor Statistics (2009)
Bureau of Transportation (2008)
Education Portal (2010)
Federal Aviation Administration (2009)
Internal Revenue Service (2009)
National Association of State Budget Officers (2008)
National Climatic Data Center (2009)
National Governors Association (2011)
Tax Foundation (2008)
U.S. Census Bureau (2000, 2007, 2008, 2009)
U.S. Department of Commerce Bureau of Economic Analysis (2009)
U.S. Energy Information Administration (2008)
U.S. House of Representatives (2011)
United States Senate (2011)

Glossary