Texas: Profile

Government 
Governor:Greg Abbott (R)
Treasurer:Glenn Hegar (R)
Senators:John Cornyn (R)
Ted Cruz (R)
Entered Union:December 29, 1845
U.S. Representatives:36
Area 
Total Area695,662 km2 / 268,597 mi2
Land Area676,587 km2 / 261,232 mi2
Water Area19,075 km2 / 7,365 mi2
Water Area Percentage2.74 %
Time Zone  
Standard TimeGMT -6
Daylight-Saving TimeGMT -5
Weather 
Record High Temperature120°F / 49°C , Monahans (June 28, 1994)
Record Low Temperature-23°F / -31°C , Seminole (February 8, 1933)
GDP 
Total Gross Domestic Product (USD Billions)$1,586,468 (2015)
Per Capita Real GDP (USD)$53,707 (2015)
Population 
Population27,469,114 (2015)
Under 19 Population7,991,206 / 29.092% (2015)
65 and older Population3,221,507 / 11.728% (2015)
Male Population13,625,413 / 49.603% (2015)
Female Population13,843,701 / 50.397% (2015)
Non-English Speaker (at home) 3,374,551 (2013)
Net International Immigration 222,189 (2015)
Birth Rate (per 1,000)399,766 per 1,000 (2014)
Percent of People Under Poverty Level (%)17.2% (2014)
Major Cities 
CityPopulation (2015)
Houston2,296,224
San Antonio1,469,845
Dallas1,300,092
Employment 
Employment 12,010,700 (2016)
Average Weekly Wage (USD)$872 (2016)
Unemployment Rate (%)4.8% (2016)
Expenditures 
Per Capita State Spending (USD)$4,086 (2014)
Energy Expenditures per Person (USD)$4,086 (2014)
Expenditures of State and Local Government Employee-Retirement Systems (USD Thousands)$15,722 (2015)
Revenue 
Per Capita Personal Income (USD)$46,947 (2015)
State Internal Revenue Collection (USD Thousands)$279,904 (2015)
Cash and Security Holdings by State Government (USD Thousands)$331,456 (2014)
Per Capita State Tax Collection (USD)$2,085 (2014)
Education 
High School Graduation Rate (%)81.6% (2014)
Percent of Population with a Bachelor's Degree (%)27.1% (2014)
Percent of Population with an Advanced Degree (%)9.1% (2014)
Logistics 
Public Road Length (Miles)313,228 Miles (2015)
Gas Tax Rate (%)20% (2016)
Number of Public Airports 384 (2015)
Main Airports 
CodeNameCity
AUSAustin-Bergstrom InternationalAustin
DFWDallas/Fort Worth InternationalFort Worth
HOUWilliam P HobbyHouston
IAHGeorge Bush Intercontinental/HoustonHouston
SATSan Antonio InternationalSan Antonio
Ports 
Amarillo
Austin
Beaumont
Brownsville
Corpus Christi
Dallas / Ft. Worth
Del Rio
Eagle Pass
El Paso
Fabens
Freeport
Galveston
Hidalgo
Houston
Laredo
Lubbock
McKinney
Midland
Port Arthur
Port Lavaca
Presidio
Progreso
Rio Grande City
Roma
Sabine
San Antonio
Sugarland
Texas City
Victoria

Sources:
Air Nav (2009)
American Association of Port Authorities (AAPA) (2009)
Bureau of Business and Economic Research (2009)
Bureau of Labor Statistics (2009)
Bureau of Transportation (2008)
Education Portal (2010)
Federal Aviation Administration (2009)
Internal Revenue Service (2009)
National Association of State Budget Officers (2008)
National Climatic Data Center (2009)
National Governors Association (2011)
Tax Foundation (2008)
U.S. Census Bureau (2000, 2007, 2008, 2009)
U.S. Department of Commerce Bureau of Economic Analysis (2009)
U.S. Energy Information Administration (2008)
U.S. House of Representatives (2011)
United States Senate (2011)

Glossary