Washington: Profile

Government 
Governor:Jay Inslee (D)
Treasurer:Jim McIntire (D)
Senators:Maria Cantwell (D)
Patty Murray (D)
Entered Union:November 11, 1889
U.S. Representatives:9
Area 
Total Area184,661 km2 / 71,298 mi2
Land Area172,119 km2 / 66,456 mi2
Water Area12,542 km2 / 4,842 mi2
Water Area Percentage6.79 %
Time Zone  
Standard TimeGMT -8
Daylight-Saving TimeGMT -7
Weather 
Record High Temperature118°F / 48°C , Grant County, Ice Harbor Dam (August 5, 1961)
Record Low Temperature-48°F / -44°C , Mazama, Winthrop (December 30, 1968)
GDP 
Total Gross Domestic Product (USD Billions)$427 (2014)
Per Capita Real GDP (USD)$55,298 (2014)
Population 
Population9,830,038 (2011)
Under 19 Population1,769,895 / 26.3% (2010)
65 and older Population827,677 / 12.3% (2010)
Male Population3,349,707 / 49.8% (2010)
Female Population3,374,833 / 50.2% (2010)
Non-English Speaker (at home) 1,012,440 (2007)
Net International Immigration 19,956 (2009)
Birth Rate (per 1,000)13.4 per 1,000 (2009)
Percent of People Under Poverty Level (%)14.1% (2013)
Major Cities 
CityPopulation (2012)
Seattle 634,535
Spokane 209,525
Tacoma 202,010
Employment 
Employment 3,203,200 (2015)
Average Weekly Wage (USD)$1,012 (2015)
Unemployment Rate (%)5.7% (2014)
Expenditures 
Per Capita State Spending (USD)$4,876 (2013)
Energy Expenditures per Person (USD)$3,801 (2013)
Expenditures of State and Local Government Employee-Retirement Systems (USD Thousands)$3,475 (2012)
Revenue 
Per Capita Personal Income (USD)$49,610 (2014)
State Internal Revenue Collection (USD Thousands)$68 (2014)
Cash and Security Holdings by State Government (USD Thousands)$92,193 (2013)
Per Capita State Tax Collection (USD)$2,566 (2011)
Education 
High School Graduation Rate (%)90.4% (2014)
Percent of Population with a Bachelor's Degree (%)33.1% (2014)
Percent of Population with an Advanced Degree (%)12.1% (2014)
Largest Universities  
University of Washington -- Seattle
Washington State University
Western Washington University
Logistics 
Public Road Length (Miles)83,878 Miles (2012)
Gas Tax Rate (%)44.5% (2015)
Number of Public Airports 125 (2015)
Main Airports 
CodeNameCity
BLIBellingham InternationalBellingham
GEGSpokane InternationalSpokane
PSCTri-CitiesPasco
SEASeattle-Tacoma InternationalSeattle
YKMYakima Air Terminal/McAllister FieldYakima
Ports 
Anacortes
Blaine
Everett
Grays Harbor
Kalama
Longview
Olympia
Oroville
Port Angeles
Seattle
Sumas
Tacoma
Vancouver

Sources:
Air Nav (2009)
American Association of Port Authorities (AAPA) (2009)
Bureau of Business and Economic Research (2009)
Bureau of Labor Statistics (2009)
Bureau of Transportation (2008)
Education Portal (2010)
Federal Aviation Administration (2009)
Internal Revenue Service (2009)
National Association of State Budget Officers (2008)
National Climatic Data Center (2009)
National Governors Association (2011)
Tax Foundation (2008)
U.S. Census Bureau (2000, 2007, 2008, 2009)
U.S. Department of Commerce Bureau of Economic Analysis (2009)
U.S. Energy Information Administration (2008)
U.S. House of Representatives (2011)
United States Senate (2011)

Glossary