West Virginia: Profile

Government 
Governor:Earl Ray Tomblin (D)
Treasurer:John Perdue (D)
Senators:Joe Manchin III (D)
Shelley Moore Capito (R)
Entered Union:June 20, 1863
U.S. Representatives:3
Area 
Total Area62,756 km2 / 24,230 mi2
Land Area62,259 km2 / 24,038 mi2
Water Area497 km2 / 192 mi2
Water Area Percentage0.79 %
Time Zone  
Standard TimeGMT -5
Daylight-Saving TimeGMT -4
Weather 
Record High Temperature112°F / 44°C , Martinsburg (July 10, 1936)
Record Low Temperature-37°F / -39°C , Lewisburg (December 30, 1917)
GDP 
Total Gross Domestic Product (USD Billions)$75 (2014)
Per Capita Real GDP (USD)$36,769 (2014)
Population 
Population1,855,364 (2011)
Under 19 Population439,213 / 23.7% (2010)
65 and older Population297,404 / 16% (2010)
Male Population913,586 / 49.3% (2010)
Female Population939,408 / 50.7% (2010)
Non-English Speaker (at home) 39,153 (2007)
Net International Immigration 558 (2009)
Birth Rate (per 1,000)11.7 per 1,000 (2009)
Percent of People Under Poverty Level (%)18.4% (2013)
Major Cities 
CityPopulation (2012)
Charleston 51,018
Huntington 49,160
Parkersburg31,261
Employment 
Employment 755,800 (2015)
Average Weekly Wage (USD)$722 (2015)
Unemployment Rate (%)6.6% (2014)
Expenditures 
Per Capita State Spending (USD)$12,037 (2013)
Energy Expenditures per Person (USD)$4,794 (2013)
Expenditures of State and Local Government Employee-Retirement Systems (USD Thousands)$1,009 (2012)
Revenue 
Per Capita Personal Income (USD)$36,132 (2014)
State Internal Revenue Collection (USD Thousands)$7 (2014)
Cash and Security Holdings by State Government (USD Thousands)$21,396 (2013)
Per Capita State Tax Collection (USD)$2,773 (2011)
Education 
High School Graduation Rate (%)85.2% (2014)
Percent of Population with a Bachelor's Degree (%)19.2% (2014)
Percent of Population with an Advanced Degree (%)7.4% (2014)
Largest Universities  
West Virginia University
Marshall University
Fairmont State University
Logistics 
Public Road Length (Miles)38,684 Miles (2012)
Gas Tax Rate (%)34.6% (2015)
Number of Public Airports 35 (2015)
Main Airports 
CodeNameCity
CKBNorth Central West VirginiaClarksburg
CRWYeagerCharleston
HTSTri-State/Milton J. Ferguson FieldHuntington
LWBGreenbrier ValleyLewisburg
MGWMorgantown Municipal-Walter L. Bill Hart FieldMorgantown
Ports 
Charleston
Huntington

Sources:
Air Nav (2009)
American Association of Port Authorities (AAPA) (2009)
Bureau of Business and Economic Research (2009)
Bureau of Labor Statistics (2009)
Bureau of Transportation (2008)
Education Portal (2010)
Federal Aviation Administration (2009)
Internal Revenue Service (2009)
National Association of State Budget Officers (2008)
National Climatic Data Center (2009)
National Governors Association (2011)
Tax Foundation (2008)
U.S. Census Bureau (2000, 2007, 2008, 2009)
U.S. Department of Commerce Bureau of Economic Analysis (2009)
U.S. Energy Information Administration (2008)
U.S. House of Representatives (2011)
United States Senate (2011)

Glossary