Mozambique: Government

Republic of Mozambique Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of Mozambique

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Filipe Jacinto Nyusi

Head of Government: Prime Minister Carlos Agostinho do Rosario


Government Name: Republic of Mozambique

Constitution: Adopted: 1990; Divided into six parts containing information regarding basic principles; fundamental rights, duties, and freedoms; organs of the state; symbols, currency, and capital of the republic; amending the constitution; and concluding & transitional provisions.

Government Type: Republic

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide,

President functions as head of state, head of government, commander-in-chief, and symbol of national unity. Prime minister convenes and chairs the Council of Ministers, advises the president and assists him in governing the country, and coordinates the functions of the other ministers.

President is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system. Prime minister is appointed by the president.

5 years


Supreme Court is the highest court in Mozambique. Constitutional Council reviews the constitutionality of laws.

Supreme Court judges elected by legislature and Constitutional Council judges appointed by the president and the legislature.

5 years


Assembly of the Republic serves as the unicameral legislative body of Mozambique.

Members are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system and 2 members are elected in single-member constituencies.

5 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: While allegiances dating back to the liberation struggle remain relevant, Mozambique's foreign policy has become increasingly pragmatic. The twin pillars of Mozambique's foreign policy are maintenance of good relations with its neighbors and maintenance and expansion of ties to development partners.

Regional Trade Blocs: SADC

Treaties: Peace and Security Council

Tax Authority: Information not available

Tax Name: Information not available


CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.