Andorra: Government

Principality of Andorra Flag
Coat of Arms of Principality of Andorra

Key Figures

Chief of State: French Co-prince Francois Hollande represented by Thierry Lataste and Spanish Co-prince Archbishop Joan-Enric Vives represented by Josep Maria Maun

Head of Government: Head of Government Antoni Martí

Overview

Government Name: Principality of Andorra

Constitution: Adopted: 1993; Serves as the supreme law of the principality. Covers the basic rights and freedoms and obligations of Andorran people along with the structure of territory and government.

Government Type: Parliamentary Democracy

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

Co-princes mainly have ceremonial power, however the co-prince that is the president of France serves as the commander-in-chief. The executive council president acts as the chief executive of the government of Andorra.

The French and Spanish co-princes are designated ex officio. The executive council president is appointed by the general council.

Co-princes: correspond with the new selection of the French president and bishop

Judicial

The judicial branch is considered to be independent from the government. The superior council of justice oversees and administers the judicial system.

The superior council of justice has five members. One member each is appointed by: the two co-princes, the head of government, the president of the general council, and members of the lower courts.

6 years

Legislative

The general council meets on certain established dates that are either set by tradition or required.

The general council has 14 members who are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system and 14 members who are elected by absolute majority vote.

4 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Following the establishment of sovereignty with the ratification of the constitution in 1993, Andorra moved to become an active member of the international community. Andorra’s diplomatic and consular representation includes accreditation to 40 foreign countries and international organizations. Andorra is host to two resident diplomatic missions, and 98 countries have non-resident diplomatic representation.

Regional Trade Blocs: No Regional Trade Blocs.

Treaties: No multilateral military treaties


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

CE FAO ICAO ICC ICRM IFRCS
Interpol IOC IPU ITU OIF OPCW
OSCE UN UNCTAD UNESCO Union Latina UNWTO
WCO WHO WIPO WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Desertification Hazardous Wastes Ozone Layer Protection

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Information not available

Tax Name: Information not available


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary