Austria: History

  1. 1920

    The Republic of Austria is created following the end of the Hapsburg empire two years prior.

  2. 1938

    The Anschluss (union) of Austria and Germany takes place. Hitler incorporates Austria into Germany and renames it Ostmark.

  3. 1945

    Vienna is liberated by Soviet troops at the end of World War II. Austria is occupied by Soviet, British, U.S., and French forces.

  4. 1955

    A treaty signed by all occupying nations establishes a neutral and independent Austria.

  5. 1995

    Austria joins the European Union.

  6. 2000

    The European Union imposes sanctions on Austria following the rise of their far right Freedom Party into government. The sanctions are revoked seven months later as they are found to be counterproductive.

  7. 2002

    The euro replaces the Austrian schilling as the national currency.


BBC News