Cameroon: Government

Republic of Cameroon Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of Cameroon

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Paul Biya

Head of Government: Prime Minister Philemon Yang


Government Name: Republic of Cameroon

Constitution: Adopted: 1972; The basis of the constitution is to have a strong central government that is dominated by the executive branch. The constitution includes the rights of citizens, structure and function of government, symbols and institutions of the country and how the constitution should be amended.

Government Type: Republic

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide,

The president has the most power of the three branches and is in charge of naming cabinet members, judges, and governors. The president also approves or vetoes regulations, among other things.

The president is elected by plurality vote. The prime minister is appointed by the president.

7 years


The judiciary is subordinate to the executive branch's ministry of justice. The supreme court may review the constitutionality of a law only at the president's request.

The supreme court judges are appointed by the president with the advice of the higher judicial council of Cameroon.

No term limit


The legislative branch is responsible for creating and passing laws.

The senate comprises 100 members, with 70 members being indirectly elected by regional governing councils and 30 members being appointed by the president. The national assembly has 180 members, 34 of whom are elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies, and the other 146 are elected by plurality vote in multi-member constituencies.

5 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Cameroon has a low profil non confrontational foreign relations approach that keeps them in good standing with their African neighbors and the UN. The nation has very close ties with France, relying on them for defense and economic aid.

Regional Trade Blocs: UDEAC, CEMAC

Treaties: Peace and Security Council

Tax Authority: Information not available

Tax Name: Information not available


CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.