Denmark: Government

Kingdom of Denmark Flag
Coat of Arms of Kingdom of Denmark

Key Figures

Chief of State: Queen Margrethe II

Head of Government: Prime Minister Lars Løkke Rasmussen

Overview

Government Name: Kingdom of Denmark

Constitution: Adopted: 1953; Main principle of this Constitution was to limit the monarch's power. Additionally it separates governmental powers into three branches influenced heavily by French philosopher Montesquieu who aimed to achieve mutual monitoring of each of the branches of government through the separation of powers.

Government Type: Constitutional Monarchy

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

The queen is theoretically the source of all executive and legislative power, but a de facto separation of powers has been in effect since the introduction of parliamentary sovereignty. The prime minister presides over the cabinet, but only has power and authority given to them by the monarch.

The monarch is hereditary, and the prime minister is appointed by the monarch.

Until dismissal by the executive branch

Judicial

The supreme court functions as a civil and appellate court for cases from subordinate courts. Its judgments cannot be be appealed to another Danish court, however it does not deal with the issue of guilt.

Judges are appointed by the monarch upon the recommendation of the minister of justice with the advice of the judicial appointments council.

No term limit

Legislative

The Folketinget is the parliament of Denmark. It is the supreme and ultimate legislative body while operating within the confines of the constitution. Parliament may question ministers regarding specific government policy matters.

The Folketinget members are elected by open-list proportional representation in multi-member constituencies based upon the three electoral regions in Denmark. 17 multi-member constituencies are divided among these regions.

4 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Danish foreign policy is founded upon four cornerstones: the United Nations, NATO, the EU, and Nordic cooperation. Denmark also is a member of, among other organizations, the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund; the World Trade Organization (WTO); the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE); the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD); the Council of Europe; the Nordic Council; the Baltic Council; and the Barents Council. Denmark emphasizes its relations with developing nations.

Regional Trade Blocs: European Union

Treaties: NATO, Common Security and Defense Policy


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ADB AfDB Arctic Council Australia Group BIS CBSS
CD CE CERN EAPC EBRD EIB
EITI ESA EU FAO FATF IADB
IAEA IBRD ICAO ICC ICRM IDA
IEA IFAD IFC IFRCS IGAD IHO
ILO IMF IMO IMSO Interpol IOC
IOM IPU ISO ITSO ITU ITUC
MIGA MINUSMA NATO NC NEA NIB
NSG OAS OECD OPCW OSCE Paris Club
PCA Schengen Convention UN UNCTAD UNESCO UNHCR
UNIDO UNMIL UNMISS UNRWA UNTSO UPU
WCO WHO WIPO WMO WTO ZC

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Air Pollution Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants Air Pollution-Sulfur 85 Air Pollution-Sulfur 94 Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds
Antarctic Treaty Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Endangered Species
Environmental Modification Hazardous Wastes Law of the Sea Marine Dumping Marine Life Conservation Ozone Layer Protection
Ship Pollution Tropical Timber 06 Wetlands Whaling

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Central Customs and Tax Administration

Tax Name: VAT


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary