El Salvador: Government

Republic of El Salvador Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of El Salvador

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Salvador Sánchez Cerén

Head of Government: President Salvador Sánchez Cerén

Overview

Government Name: Republic of El Salvador

Constitution: Adopted: 1983; Outlines the fundamental rights and guarantees of the person; the state, its form of government, and political system; nationality; economic order; organs of the government, powers, and competences; administrative regimen; responsibility of public functionaries; and scope, application, reform, and repeal.

Government Type: Republic

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

The president is the head of state and has executive power. The president observes and enforces the constitution, treaties, laws, and other legal dispositions; makes international treaties and conventions; directs foreign relations; and organizes, leads, and maintains the armed forces.

The president is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system.

5 years

Judicial

The supreme court is the highest court for appeal.

Judges are elected by the legislative assembly on the recommendation of the national council of the judicature.

Judges: 9 year terms with renewal of one-third of judges every 3 years

Legislative

The legislative assembly is the legislative branch of the unicameral body, decrees law and taxes, ratifies treaties, and establishes and regulates the national monetary system.

The legislative assembly has 84 members elected through an open-list proportional representation system.

3 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: El Salvador benefits from diplomatic and trade relations with a multitude of countries, including the U.S. El Salvador is a member of the United Nations, the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank, the World Trade Organization, and is also apart of the U.S.-Central American-Dominican Republic Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA-DR).

Regional Trade Blocs: No Regional Trade Blocs.

Treaties: No multilateral military treaties


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

BCIE CACM CD CELAC FAO G-11
G-77 IADB IAEA IBRD ICAO ICC
ICRM IDA IFAD IFC IFRCS ILO
IMF IMO Interpol IOC IOM IPU
ISO ITSO ITU ITUC LAES LAIA
MIGA MINURSO NAM OAS OPANAL OPCW
Pacific Alliance PCA SICA UN UNCTAD UNESCO
UNIDO UNIFIL Union Latina UNMIL UNMISS UNOCI
UNWTO UPU WCO WFTU WHO WIPO
WMO WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Endangered Species Hazardous Wastes
Law of the Sea Ozone Layer Protection Wetlands

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Ministry of Treasury

Tax Name: VAT


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary