Chief of State: President François Hollande
Head of Government: Prime Minister Manuel Valls
Government Name: French Republic
Constitution: Adopted: 1958; French constitution establishes France as a secular and democratic country. It allows for the ratification of international treaties, especially those related to the European Union, and describes the methods for its amendments.
Government Type: Republic
|Main Powers||Election Process||Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/|
The president appoints the prime minister and cabinet and, if from the same political side, he can ask for him to resign upon demand. The prime minister may issue autonomous or subordinated regulations.
The president is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system. The prime minister is appointed by the president.
The constitutional council is elected by the president and parliament. The independent judiciary system does not answer to, and is not controlled by, the other two branches of government.
Court of cassation judges are appointed by the president of the republic from nominations from the high council of the judiciary, presided by the court of cassation and 15 appointed members. 3 constitutional council members are each appointed by the national assembly and senate presidents and another 3 are appointed by the president of the republic.
Court of Cassation no term limit; Constitutional Court: 9 years
The national assembly has the power to force the resignation of the executive cabinet by a vote. Both the senate and assembly contain committees that write reports and can establish parliamentary inquiry commissions with broad investigative power.
The national assembly has 577 members elected by absolute majority vote in single-member constituencies. The senate has 348 members who are indirectly elected by an electoral college.
National Assembly: 5 years; Senate: 9 years
Foreign Policy Trends: France is a founding member of the United Nations, NATO, and the European Coal and Steel Community. France plays a major role worldwide as a center for international relations because of it involvement in many international organizations as well as housing the headquarters for the OECD, UNESCO, and Interpol. France still retains political and economic influence in its former African Colonies and also is a large worldwide donor of developmental aid.
Regional Trade Blocs: European Union
Treaties: NATO, Common Security and Defense Policy
International Organization Participation Source: CIA World Factbook
|ADB||AfDB||Arctic Council||Australia Group||BDEAC||BIS|
|Pacific Alliance||Paris Club||PCA||PIF||Schengen Convention||SELEC|
Note: Click table to see details
Environmental Agreements Source: CIA World Factbook
|Air Pollution||Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides||Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants||Air Pollution-Sulfur 85||Air Pollution-Sulfur 94||Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds|
|Antarctic Seals||Antarctic Treaty||Antarctic-Environmental Protocol||Antarctic-Marine Living Resources||Biodiversity||Climate Change|
|Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol||Desertification||Endangered Species||Hazardous Wastes||Law of the Sea||Marine Dumping|
|Marine Life Conservation||Ozone Layer Protection||Ship Pollution||Tropical Timber 06||Wetlands||Whaling|
Note: Click table to see details
Tax Authority: French Ministry of Finance
Tax Name: VAT