India: Government

Republic of India Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of India

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Pranab Kumar Mukherjee

Head of Government: Prime Minister Narendra Damodardas Modi

Overview

Government Name: Republic of India

Constitution: Adopted: 1950; Lays down the framework for fundamental political principles, establishes structure, and sets out fundamental rights.

Government Type: Federal Republic

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

The president serves as commander-in-chief, can grant pardon or reduce the sentence of a convicted person, and appoints various governors and other positions.

The president is indirectly elected by an electoral college.

5 years

Judicial

Enforces fundamental rights; issues directions, orders, or writs; and may direct the transfer of any civil or criminal case.

Appointed by the president.

Life appointment

Legislative

Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha are the main legislative bodies of government that are responsible for executing the legislative tasks of the government.

The Rajya Sabha has 233 members who are indirectly elected by the state legislatures. The Lok Sabha has 543 members who are elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies and 2 members who are appointed by the president.

Lok Sabha: 5 years; Rajya Sabha: 6 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: India is currently strengthening its political and commercial ties with the U.S., Japan, the EU, Iran, China, and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations. It has bilateral and regional relations with the following: Pakistan, the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC), China, and formerly with the Soviet Union.

Regional Trade Blocs: No Regional Trade Blocs.

Treaties: No multilateral military treaties


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ABEDA ADB AfDB ARF ASEAN BIMSTEC
BIS BRICS C CD CERN CICA
CP EAS ESCAP FAO FATF G-15
G-20 G-24 G-77 IAEA IBRD ICAO
ICC ICRM IDA IFAD IFC IFRCS
IHO ILO IMF IMO IMSO Interpol
IOC IOM IPU ISO ITSO ITU
ITUC LAS MIGA MONUSCO NAM OAS
OECD OPCW Pacific Alliance PCA PIF SAARC
SACEP SCO UN UNCTAD UNDOF UNESCO
UNHCR UNIDO UNIFIL UNISFA UNITAR UNMISS
UNOCI UNSC UNWTO UPU WCO WFTU
WHO WIPO WMO WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Antarctic Treaty Antarctic-Environmental Protocol Antarctic-Marine Living Resources Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol
Desertification Endangered Species Environmental Modification Hazardous Wastes Law of the Sea Ozone Layer Protection
Ship Pollution Tropical Timber 06 Wetlands Whaling

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Central and State Governments

Tax Name: VAT and CST


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary