India comes under direct British rule after an unsuccessful rebellion in north India.
British rule concludes and the sub-continent is divided into two states: a Hindu-majority India and a Muslim-majority Pakistan. Widespread violence ensues. Hostility between the two newly created nations persists for decades with the nations going to war in 1948, 1964, and 1971.
An economic reform program begins in an attempt to open the Indian economy to global trade and investment.
The United States imposes economic sanctions on India after India conducts underground nuclear tests. These sanctions remained in place until 2001.
India launches its largest-ever rural job scheme, which aims to lift around 60 million families out of poverty.
India displaces China as the world's largest importer of arms.
China and India reveal a monumental economic deal, in which China plans to invest $20 billion in India over the next five years, with the construction of two industrial parks.