Jordan: Government

Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan Flag
Coat of Arms of Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan

Key Figures

Chief of State: King Abdullah II ibn Al-Hussein

Head of Government: Prime Minister Hani Al-Mulki

Overview

Government Name: Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan

Constitution: Adopted: 1952; Established a constitutional monarchy, separation of powers among executive and legislative while judicial remains independent, establishes rights of citizens.

Government Type: Constitutional Monarchy

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

The monarch holds wide executive and legislative powers, including the appointment of the prime minister and all seats of the senate. The monarch approves and dismisses judges; signs, executes and vetoes all laws; and can suspend or dissolve parliament. The prime minister is responsible for advising the king and executing the executive daily tasks as head of the government.

The monarchy is hereditary. The prime minister is appointed by the monarch.

No elections

Judicial

Supreme court of the land, enforces proper interpretation of the constitution.

The chief justice is appointed by the king, while other judges are nominated by the higher judicial council and approved by the king.

Information not available

Legislative

Responsible for approving, rejecting, amending, and creating legislature and can override the king's veto by two-thirds vote.

150 members are elected by a mixed system.

4 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Traditionally, Jordan has had close relations with the United States and the United Kingdom. However, relations with the U.S. and the U.K. were hindered when Jordan proclaimed its neutrality during the Gulf War and maintained relations with Iraq. Since the outbreak of the second Intifada in September 2000, Jordan has worked to maintain lines of communication between the Israelis and the Palestinians to counsel moderation and to return the parties to negotiations of outstanding permanent status issues. Jordan has played an important role in facilitating the peace process through the training of several thousand Palestinian security force personnel.

Regional Trade Blocs: Arab League

Treaties: No multilateral military treaties


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ABEDA AFESD AMF CAEU CD CICA
EBRD FAO G-11 G-77 IAEA IBRD
ICAO ICC ICRM IDA IDB IFAD
IFC IFRCS ILO IMF IMO Interpol
IOC IOM IPU ISO ITSO ITU
ITUC LAS MIGA MINUSMA MINUSTAH MONUSCO
NAM OIC OPCW OSCE PCA UN
UNAMID UNCTAD UNESCO UNHCR UNIDO UNISFA
UNMIL UNMISS UNOCI UNRWA UNSC UNWTO
UPU WCO WFTU WHO WIPO WMO
WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Endangered Species Hazardous Wastes
Law of the Sea Marine Dumping Ozone Layer Protection Wetlands

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Income and Sales Tax Department

Tax Name: GST


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary