Libya: Government

State of Libya Flag
Coat of Arms of State of Libya

Key Figures

Chief of State: President of the General National Congress Aguila Saleh Issa

Head of Government: Prime Minister Abdullah al-Thani


Government Name: State of Libya

Constitution: Currently N/A; General National Congress drafting a constitution.

Government Type: Transitional Government

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide,

The president and prime minister are in charge of executory tasks during transition.

Prime minister and General National Congress president elected by the National Congress.

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Currently does not exist.

Currently does not exist.

Currently does not exist


In charge of electing president, prime minister, approving cabinet, creating legislature for new government and a new constitution.

General National Congress members are elected through a system of parallel voting with 120 members elected by plurality vote from 40 single member and 29 multi member constituencies, 80 members elected through party-list proportional representation in 20 constituencies The Constituent Assembly has 20 seats elected by simply majority in 42 single-member and 8 multi member districts.

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International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Following successful NATO operations in Libya in 2011, the West has enjoyed new popularity among the Libyan people. The Qadhafi regime’s relations with the rest of the world deteriorated sharply following his brutal suppression of popular protests in 2011. The UN quickly took action to try to end the violence, passing UNSCR 1970 on February 26, which called for a referral to the International Criminal Court, an arms embargo, a travel ban, an asset freeze, and sanctions. UNSCR 1973, adopted on March 17, authorized member states to take military action to protect civilians and civilian populated areas under threat of attack. Under the auspices of UNSCR 1973, the U.S., U.K., and France launched military action in Libya on March 20; NATO continued these efforts as “Operation Unified Protector” throughout the duration of the conflict. Working through the international Contact Group on Libya, key members of the international community, including the U.S., joined together to increase diplomatic pressure on the Qadhafi regime and support the TNC.

Regional Trade Blocs: COMESA

Treaties: Peace and Security Council

Tax Authority: Information not available

Tax Name: Information not available


CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.