Libya: History

  1. 1911

    Italy seizes Libya following two centuries of Ottoman rule. 

  2. 1934

    Italy united the Libyan provinces and increases Italian migration in an attempt to incorporate Libya into a Greater Italy. 

  3. 1942

    France and Britain oust the Italians and divide the country. 

  4. 1951

    Libya becomes independent. 

  5. 1961

    A 104-mile pipeline, which links major oil fields, opens. This allows Libya to export its oil for the first time. 

  6. 1981

    After two Libyan jets fire on an US aircraft, the US cuts all diplomatic ties with Libya and prohibits imports of Libyan crude oil. 

  7. 1989

    Libya, Algeria, Morocco, Mauritania and Tunisia form an economic and political union called the Arab Maghreb Union. 

  8. 2005

    For the first time in more than 20 years, the US energy companies return to Libya for the first auction of oil and gas exploration licenses. 

  9. 2011

    Violent protests break out in Libya, which eventually lead to the death of the Prime Minister of Libya. This marks the beginning of the destabilization of the country that persists to present day. 


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