The Romans conquer Libya.
Libya joins three other provinces: Tripolitania, Cyrenaica, and Fezzan, to become one regency in the Ottoman Empire.
Italy takes control of Libya. A 20 year insurgency begins in the country against Italian rule.
The Allies expel the Italians from Libya, which is then divided between the French, who administer Fezzan, and the British, who control Cyrenaica and Tripolitania.
Libya gains its independence.
Two American oil companies are granted 14 million acres of Libyan land.
It is now possible for Libya to export oil, its main economic driver.
Colonel Muammar Gaddafi declares a “people’s revolution”, changing the country’s official name from the Libyan Arab Republic to the Great Socialist People’s Libyan Arab Jamahiriyah.
Libya, Algeria, Morocco, Mauritania, and Tunisia form the Arab Maghreb Union.
Libya's first auction of oil and gas exploration licenses heralds the return of United States energy companies for the first time in more than 20 years.
The European Union and Libya sign an agreement that is designed to slow current illegal migration.
A new parliamentary government arises, led by Ali Zeidan.