Maldives: Government

Republic of Maldives Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of Maldives

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Abdulla Yameen Abdul Gayoom

Head of Government: President Abdulla Yameen Abdul Gayoom

Overview

Government Name: Republic of Maldives

Constitution: Adopted: 2008; Provides the legal foundation for the existence of the Republic of Maldives, sets out the rights and duties of citizens, and defines the structure of government.

Government Type: Republic

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

The president is head of state and government, and is commander-in-chief of the Maldives National Defense Force.

Elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system.

5 years

Judicial

Highest court for interpretation, protection, and enforcement of the constitution.

Judges are appointed by the president in consultation with the Judicial Service Commission, and upon confirmation by voting members of the Peoples's Majlis.

Mandatory retirement age of 70

Legislative

The People's Majlis have the authority to enact, amend, and revise laws aside from the constitution.

77 members are elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies.

4 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Maldives follows a nonaligned policy and is committed to maintaining friendly relations with all countries.

Regional Trade Blocs: SAARC

Treaties: No multilateral military treaties


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ADB AOSIS C CP ESCAP FAO
G-77 IBRD ICAO ICC IDA IDB
IFAD IFC IFRCS ILO IMF IMO
Interpol IOC IOM IPU ITU MIGA
NAM OIC OPCW SAARC SACEP UN
UNCTAD UNESCO UNIDO UNWTO UPU WCO
WHO WIPO WMO WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Hazardous Wastes Law of the Sea
Ozone Layer Protection Ship Pollution

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Information not available

Tax Name: Information not available


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary