Mali: Government

Republic of Mali Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of Mali

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta

Head of Government: Prime Minister Modibo Keïta

Overview

Government Name: Republic of Mali

Constitution: Adopted: 1992; Overviews the rights and duties of human dignity, the structure of government by individual branch, and treaties and international accords.

Government Type: Republic

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

The president is chief of state, commander-in-chief of the armed forces, and chairs the cabinet of ministers. The prime minister acts as a member of the cabinet of ministers which adopts proposals for laws submitted to the National Assembly.

The president is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system. The prime minister appointed by president.

5 years

Judicial

The Supreme Court has both judicial and administrative powers. The Constitutional Court reviews constitutionality of law.

The Supreme Court members are appointed by the Ministry of Justice. The Constitutional Court members are elected - 3 each by the president, the National Assembly, and the Supreme Council of the Magistracy.

Supreme Court: 5 years; Constitutional Court: 7 years

Legislative

Meets for two regular sessions each year and debates and votes on legislation proposed by members or the government. Also has the right to question government ministers about government actions and policies.

147 members elected in absolute majority vote in single-member constituencies.

5 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Mali is a major recipient of foreign aid from many sources, including multilateral organizations (most significantly the World Bank, the African Development Bank, and Arab Funds), and bilateral programs funded by the European Union, France, United States, Canada, Netherlands, Denmark, and Germany, among others. Before 1991, the former Soviet Union had been a major source of economic and military aid, including construction of a cement plant and the Kalana gold mine. Currently, aid from Russia is restricted mainly to training and provision of spare parts. Chinese aid remains high, and Chinese-Malian joint venture companies became more numerous during the period 1999-2002, leading to the opening of a Chinese investment center. China is a major participant in the textile and the sugar refinery industries and in large-scale construction projects, including irrigation infrastructures in the Niger Valley Authority (Office du Niger), a bridge across the Niger, a conference center, an expressway in Bamako, a new national stadium in Bamako, four regional stadiums completed for the Africa Cup competition in 2002, a hospital in Mopti, and a highway interchange and third bridge in Bamako.

Regional Trade Blocs: ECOWAS

Treaties: Peace and Security Council


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ACP AfDB AU CD ECOWAS EITI
FAO FZ G-77 IAEA IBRD ICAO
ICRM IDA IDB IFAD IFC IFRCS
ILO IMF Interpol IOC IOM IPU
ISO ITSO ITU ITUC MIGA MONUSCO
NAM OIC OIF OPCW UN UNAMID
UNCTAD UNESCO UNIDO UNMIL UNMISS UNWTO
UPU WADB WAEMU WCO WFTU WHO
WIPO WMO WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Endangered Species Hazardous Wastes
Law of the Sea Ozone Layer Protection Tropical Timber 06 Wetlands Whaling

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Information not available

Tax Name: Information not available


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary