Mauritania: Government

Islamic Republic of Mauritania Flag
Coat of Arms of Islamic Republic of Mauritania

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz

Head of Government: Prime Minister Yahya Ould Hademine

Overview

Government Name: Islamic Republic of Mauritania

Constitution: Adopted: 1991; Outlines fundamental principles for the citizens of Mauritania, the structure of the government in regards to its three branches, treaties and international accords, and territorial districts.

Government Type: Military Junta

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

President is responsible for guarding the constitution, representing the State, and guarantees national independence and territorial integrity. President also has the power to dismiss and appoint judges despite independence of judiciary. Prime Minister is responsible to the National Assembly for the role of his various ministries as the government

President is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system. Prime Minister is appointed by the president.

5 years

Judicial

Supreme Court is the most supreme amongst Mauritania courts. The Constitutional Council oversees the regularity of elections, considers applications, and rules on the constitutionality of laws.

Supreme Court judges appointed by the president of the republic, while Constitutional Council members are appointed by the president of the republic, the president of the National Assembly, and by the president of the Senate.

9 years

Legislative

The parliament functions as a bicameral legislative body with the Majilis al-Shuyukh (Senate) as the higher house and Jamiya Al Wataniya as the lower house.

The Majlis al-Shuyukh have 53 members elected by indirect vote and 3 members reserved for the diaspora community. Al Jamiya Al Wataniya has 81 members elected in single and multi-member constituencies and 14 members elected through a closed-list proportional representation system.

Majlis al-Shuyukh: 6 years; Al Jamiya Al Wataniya: 5 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Mauritania is the chair of the African Union’s (AU) Peace and Security Council through March 2012, and President Aziz’s leadership of AU High-Level Panels on Cote d’Ivoire and Libya has lifted the country’s international profile. Mauritania holds a seat on the UN Human Rights Council and is a candidate for the UN Security Council's 2012-2013 term. Mauritania is a member of the Arab League but not of ECOWAS, the Economic Community of West African States.

Regional Trade Blocs: Arab League

Treaties: Peace and Security Council


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ABEDA ACP AfDB AFESD AMF AMU
AU CAEU EITI FAO G-77 IAEA
IBRD ICAO ICRM IDA IDB IFAD
IFC IFRCS IHO ILO IMF IMO
Interpol IOC IOM IPU ISO ITSO
ITU ITUC LAS MIGA NAM OIC
OIF OPCW UN UNCTAD UNESCO UNIDO
UNWTO UPU WCO WHO WIPO WMO
WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Endangered Species Hazardous Wastes
Law of the Sea Ozone Layer Protection Ship Pollution Wetlands Whaling

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Information not available

Tax Name: Information not available


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary