Nicaragua: Government

Republic of Nicaragua Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of Nicaragua

Key Figures

Chief of State: President José Daniel Ortega Saavedra

Head of Government: President José Daniel Ortega Saavedra

Overview

Government Name: Republic of Nicaragua

Constitution: Promulgated: 1987; Was reformed to give new powers and independence to the National Assembly; allowing the assembly to override a presidential veto with a simple majority vote. The President's ability to pocket veto a bill was also eliminated. Establishes a democratic system of government with a mixed economy based upon a separation of powers between the branches of government.

Government Type: Republic

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

President appoints council of ministers and is the head of government.

Elected by plurality vote.

5 years

Judicial

Supreme Court supervises what is considered to be an ineffective judicial system. The Supreme Electoral Council is responsible for organizing and conducting elections, plebiscites, and referendums.

Supreme Court elected by the National Assembly and Supreme Electoral Council elected by the National Assembly.

5 years

Legislative

Main legislative body of Nicaragua.

90 members are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system and 2 members are reserved for the former president.

5 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Nicaragua traditionally pursues an independent foreign policy. Since returning to power in 2007, Daniel Ortega has sought to build closer ties with Iran, Russia, and the ALBA states, especially Venezuela. Immediately after his inauguration Ortega formally joined ALBA. In 2008, Ortega made Nicaragua the second country to grant diplomatic recognition to South Ossetia and Abkhazia, the breakaway “independent republics” of Georgia.

Regional Trade Blocs: No Regional Trade Blocs.

Treaties: No multilateral military treaties


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

BCIE CACM CD CELAC FAO G-77
IADB IAEA IBRD ICAO ICRM IDA
IFAD IFC IFRCS ILO IMF IMO
Interpol IOC IOM IPU ISO ITSO
ITU ITUC LAES LAIA MIGA NAM
OAS OPANAL OPCW PCA Petrocaribe SICA
UN UNCTAD UNESCO UNHCR UNIDO Union Latina
UNWTO UPU WCO WHO WIPO WMO
WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Endangered Species Environmental Modification
Hazardous Wastes Law of the Sea Ozone Layer Protection Ship Pollution Wetlands Whaling

Note: Click table to see details



Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary