Paraguay: Government

Republic of Paraguay Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of Paraguay

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Horacio Manuel Cartes Jara

Head of Government: President Horacio Manuel Cartes Jara

Overview

Government Name: Republic of Paraguay

Constitution: Adopted: 1992; Details basic principles, rights, duties, and guarantees and the political organization of the republic.

Government Type: Constitutional Republic

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

Head of state and head of government. President after leaving office given the speaking, but non-voting, position of lifelong senator.

President is elected by plurality vote.

5 years

Judicial

Supreme Court is the highest court in Paraguay. The court's three chambers provide jurisdiction upon constitutional, civil, and commercial and criminal issues.

Senate and the president select 9 members on the basis of recommendations from a Magistrates Council.

Mandatory retirement age of 75

Legislative

Serves as the legislative body of Paraguay.

Chamber of Senators members are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system. Chamber of Deputies members are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system.

5 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Paraguay is a member of the United Nations and several of its specialized agencies. It also belongs to the Organization of American States, the Latin American Integration Association (ALADI), the Rio Group, the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC), the three-nation URUPABOL, INTERPOL, and MERCOSUR (the Southern Cone Common Market). Paraguay is closely aligned with its MERCOSUR partners on many political, economic, and social issues. It is the only country in South America that recognizes Taiwan and not the People's Republic of China.

Regional Trade Blocs: MERCOSUR

Treaties: South American Defense Council


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

CAN CD CELAC FAO G-11 G-77
IADB IAEA IBRD ICAO ICRM IDA
IFAD IFC IFRCS ILO IMF IMO
Interpol IOC IOM IPU ISO ITSO
ITU ITUC LAES LAIA Mercosur MIGA
MINURSO MINUSTAH MONUSCO NAM OAS OPANAL
OPCW Pacific Alliance PCA UN UNASUR UNCTAD
UNESCO UNFICYP UNIDO Union Latina UNISFA UNMIL
UNMISS UNOCI UNWTO UPU WCO WHO
WIPO WMO WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Endangered Species Hazardous Wastes
Law of the Sea Ozone Layer Protection Wetlands

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Finance Administration

Tax Name: VAT


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary