Slovenia: Government

Republic of Slovenia Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of Slovenia

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Borut Pahor

Head of Government: Prime Minister Miro Cerar

Overview

Government Name: Republic of Slovenia

Constitution: Adopted: 1991; As the fundamental law of Slovenia, this constitution covers Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, Economic and Social Relations, Organisation of the State, Self-Government, Public Finance, Constitutionality and Legality, The Constitutional Court, and the Procedure for Amending the Constitution.

Government Type: Parliamentary Republic

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

Proclaims laws adopted by the National Assembly, proclaims documents of ratification for international treaties, and performs other duties defined by the constitution.

President is elected by majority vote through a two-round system and prime minister is elected by parliament.

5 years

Judicial

Highest authority of judicial power for the protection of constitutionality, legality, human rights and fundamental freedoms.

Elected by the National Assembly from proposals submitted by the president, attorneys, law universities, and sitting judges.

Until dismissal by executive branch

Legislative

Represents the interests of socio-economic and professional circles and those of local authorities, gives opinions on draft legislation examined by the National Assembly, initiates debates on bills before they are promulgated, and forwards requests to parliamentary commissions to launch inquiries.

National Council (Državni Svet) members are indirectly elected by an electoral college, and in the National Assembly (Državni Zbor), 88 members are elected through an open-list proportional representation system and 2 members are elected through a Borda Count system.

National Council: 5 years; National Assembly: 4 years.

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Slovenia has sought to expand cooperative arrangements with neighbors and contribute to international efforts aimed at bringing stability to southeast Europe. Although resource limitations are a concern, Slovenia has taken concrete steps toward an outward looking and constructive role in regional and international security arrangements as resources allow.

Regional Trade Blocs: European Union

Treaties: NATO, Common Security and Defense Policy


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

Australia Group BIS CD CE CEI EAPC
EBRD ECB EIB EMU ESA EU
FAO IADB IAEA IBRD ICAO ICC
ICRM IDA IFC IFRCS IHO ILO
IMF IMO Interpol IOC IOM IPU
ISO ITU MIGA NATO NEA NSG
OAS OECD OIF OPCW OSCE PCA
Schengen Convention SELEC UN UNCTAD UNESCO UNHCR
UNIDO UNIFIL UNTSO UNWTO UPU WCO
WHO WIPO WMO WTO ZC

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Air Pollution Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants Air Pollution-Sulfur 94 Biodiversity Climate Change
Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Endangered Species Environmental Modification Hazardous Wastes Law of the Sea
Marine Dumping Ozone Layer Protection Ship Pollution Tropical Timber 06 Wetlands Whaling

Note: Click table to see details



Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary