Spain: Government

Kingdom of Spain Flag
Coat of Arms of Kingdom of Spain

Key Figures

Chief of State: King Felipe VI

Head of Government: Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy

Overview

Government Name: Kingdom of Spain

Constitution: Adopted in 1978; focused upon basic rights & public liberties, duties of the citizens, principles of social & economic policy, structure of the partial monarchy & parliament. This Constitution served as a means to begin the Spanish transition to a democracy.

Government Type: Parliamentary Monarchy

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

Monarch is commander-in-chief of the Spanish armed forces and nominates a candidate for president of government. Prime minister is president of government, conducts domestic and foreign policy, civil and military administration, and defense of the nation under the king.

Prime minister is elected by parliament.

Prime Minister: No fixed term length

Judicial

Responsible for processing substantial complaints of wrongdoing against prominent persons such as government ministers, assembly of senators general assembly of representatives and members of the various regional parliaments, senior judges, including the President and judges of the Constitutional Court (the highest tribunal in the Kingdom).

Appointed by the monarch.

Mandatory retirement age of 70

Legislative

Congress of Deputies & Senate: enactment of any law & amendment of the Constitution; Leader of Opposition: Heads an alternative "Shadow Government" which reflects the vies of the largest party not currently in the Congress of Deputy.

Senate has 208 members elected by plurality vote in multi-member constituencies and 49 members appointed by regional legislatures. Congress of Deputies members are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system.

4 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Emphasis of the concept of Hispanidad which links Spain with countries in Latin America. Spain maintains both economic and technical cooperation programs & cultural exchanges with Latin America and countries in the EU. Ties with Morocco due to legal/illegal immigrants. Advocates for increased trade between Europe, North Africa, and the Middle East.

Regional Trade Blocs: European Union

Treaties: NATO, Common Security and Defense Policy


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ADB AfDB Arctic Council Australia Group BCIE BIS
CAN CBSS CD CE CERN EAPC
EBRD ECB EIB EITI EMU ESA
EU FAO FATF IADB IAEA IBRD
ICAO ICRM IDA IEA IFAD IFC
IFRCS IHO ILO IMF IMO IMSO
Interpol IOC IOM IPU ISO ITSO
ITU ITUC LAIA MIGA NATO NEA
NSG OAS OECD OPCW OSCE Pacific Alliance
Paris Club PCA Schengen Convention SELEC SICA UN
UNCTAD UNESCO UNHCR UNIDO UNIFIL Union Latina
UNRWA UNWTO UPU WCO WHO WIPO
WMO WTO ZC

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Air Pollution Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants Air Pollution-Sulfur 94 Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds Antarctic Treaty
Antarctic-Environmental Protocol Antarctic-Marine Living Resources Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification
Endangered Species Environmental Modification Hazardous Wastes Law of the Sea Marine Dumping Marine Life Conservation
Ozone Layer Protection Ship Pollution Tropical Timber 06 Wetlands Whaling

Note: Click table to see details



Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary