Sri Lanka: Government

Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka Flag
Coat of Arms of Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Maithripala Sirisena

Head of Government: President Maithripala Sirisena

Overview

Government Name: Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka

Constitution: Adopted: 1978; Provided for a unicameral parliament and executive President. Term limits for both parliament and the president are set as well and a new form of multi-member proportional representation was introduced for elections to parliament. In addition, the judiciary is established as independent and the basic fundamental rights of the Sri Lankan people are defined.

Government Type: Republic

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

Head of state, head of government, commander in chief of the armed forces, responsible to Parliament for the exercise of duties under the constitution and laws.

President is elected through a contingent vote system.

6 years

Judicial

Court has ultimate appellate jurisdiction in constitutional matters, and take precedence over all lower courts.

Appointed by president.

Mandatory retirement age of 65

Legislative

Reserves the power to make all laws.

Parliament members are elected by open list proportional representation in multi-member constituencies.

6 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Sri Lanka traditionally follows a nonaligned foreign policy but has been seeking closer relations with the United States since December 2001. It participates in multilateral diplomacy, particularly at the United Nations, where it seeks to promote sovereignty, independence, and development in the developing world. Sri Lanka was a founding member of the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM). It also is a member of the Commonwealth, the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC), the World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Asian Development Bank, and the Colombo Plan. Sri Lanka continues its active participation in the NAM, while also stressing the importance it places on regionalism by playing a strong role in SAARC.

Regional Trade Blocs: APTA, SAARC

Treaties: No multilateral military treaties


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ABEDA ADB ARF BIMSTEC C CD
CP ESCAP FAO G-11 G-15 G-24
G-77 IAEA IBRD ICAO ICC ICRM
IDA IFAD IFC IFRCS IHO ILO
IMF IMO IMSO Interpol IOC IOM
IPU ISO ITSO ITU ITUC MIGA
MINURSO MINUSTAH MONUSCO NAM OAS OPCW
PCA SAARC SACEP SCO UN UNCTAD
UNESCO UNIDO UNIFIL UNISFA UNMISS UNWTO
UPU WCO WFTU WHO WIPO WMO
WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Endangered Species Environmental Modification
Hazardous Wastes Law of the Sea Marine Life Conservation Ozone Layer Protection Ship Pollution Wetlands

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Information not available

Tax Name: Information not available


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary