Zambia: Government

Republic of Zambia Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of Zambia

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Edgar Chagwa Lungu

Head of Government: President Edgar Chagwa Lungu


Government Name: Republic of Zambia

Constitution: Formed: 1991; Recognizes the individual rights of citizens, lists the powers of the different branches of government, and explains other miscellaneous functions of the state.

Government Type: Republic

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide,

Ultimately, all of the power of the executive branch rests with the president. In addition to being the head of government and head of state, he is also the commander-in-chief of ZambiaÕs armed forces. Besides these conventional powers, the president also has the power to dissolve the National Assembly and in turn call for elections (including his own).

Elected through popular vote.

5 years


Supreme Court of Zambia is the highest court and the final court of appeal in all matters.

All judges and justices of the Supreme Court and the High Courts are appointed by the president and assume their post after being vetted and approved by the National Assembly.

Mandatory retirement age of 65


Debates and amends bills for the president to sign into law.

Elected through popular vote.

5 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Zambia has typically been a persistent and visible advocate of change in southern Africa, supporting liberation movements in Angola, Mozambique, Namibia, Southern Rhodesia (Zimbabwe), and South Africa. Zambia has also contributed troops to support UN peacekeeping operations in southern Sudan.

Regional Trade Blocs: COMESA, SADC

Treaties: Peace and Security Council

Tax Authority: Zambia Revenue Authority

Tax Name: VAT


CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.