The Shona people arrive in the area establishing the empire of Mwene Mutapa.
The Luba and Lunda empires of Zaire set up small kingdoms.
Britain establishes control over Northern Rhodesia, leaving power in the hands of local rulers.
Copper is discovered, encouraging an influx of European technicians and administrators.
The Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland comprising Northern Rhodesia, Southern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe), and Nyasaland (now Malawi) is created.
The federation is dissolved and Northern Rhodesia becomes the Republic of Zambia.
The Tam-Zam Railway is opened providing a link between the Copperbelt to the Tanzanian port of Dar es Salaam, reducing Zambian dependence on Rhodesia and South Africa for its exports.
The World Bank approves a $3.8 billion debt relief package, which will write off more than 50% of the country’s debt.
Oil is discovered in the west region of the country.
Zambia and China sign a mining cooperation agreement and deal to set up a joint economic zone. China also agrees to build a hydroelectric power plant on the Kafue River.