• Britain establishes control over Northern Rhodesia, and administers the area through indirect rule.

  • Copper is discovered, encouraging an influx of European technicians and administrators.
  • The Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland comprising Northern Rhodesia, Southern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe), and Nyasaland (now Malawi) is created.
  • The federation is dissolved and Northern Rhodesia becomes the Republic of Zambia.
  • The Tam-Zam Railway is opened providing a link between the Copperbelt to the Tanzanian port of Dar es Salaam, reducing Zambian dependence on Rhodesia and South Africa for its exports.
  • Zambia joins the African Union.

  • The World Bank approves a $3.8 billion debt relief package, which will write off more than 50% of the country‚Äôs debt.
  • Oil is discovered in the west region of the country.
  • Zambia and China sign a mining cooperation agreement and deal to set up a joint economic zone. China also agrees to build a hydroelectric power plant on the Kafue River.

Sources:

BBC News open_in_new
Britannica open_in_new