Arkansas: Profile

Government 
Governor:Asa Hutchinson (R)
Treasurer:Dennis Milligan (R)
Senators:John Boozman (R)
Tom Cotton (R)
Entered Union:June 15, 1836
U.S. Representatives:4
Area 
Total Area137,732 km2 / 53,179 mi2
Land Area134,771 km2 / 52,035 mi2
Water Area2,961 km2 / 1,143 mi2
Water Area Percentage2.15 %
Time Zone  
Standard TimeGMT -6
Daylight-Saving TimeGMT -5
Weather 
Record High Temperature120°F / 49°C , Ozark (August 10, 1936)
Record Low Temperature-29°F / -34°C , Pond (February 13, 1905)
GDP 
Total Gross Domestic Product (USD Billions)$121 (2014)
Per Capita Real GDP (USD)$37,334 (2014)
Population 
Population2,937,979 (2011)
Under 19 Population795,930 / 27.3% (2010)
65 and older Population419,981 / 14.4% (2010)
Male Population1,431,637 / 49.1% (2010)
Female Population1,484,281 / 50.9% (2010)
Non-English Speaker (at home) 167,962 (2007)
Net International Immigration 3,662 (2009)
Birth Rate (per 1,000)13.8 per 1,000 (2009)
Percent of People Under Poverty Level (%)19.4% (2013)
Major Cities 
CityPopulation (2012)
Little Rock 196,537
Fort Smith 87,443
Fayetteville 76,899
Employment 
Employment 1,219,400 (2015)
Average Weekly Wage (USD)$671 (2015)
Unemployment Rate (%)6.2% (2014)
Expenditures 
Per Capita State Spending (USD)$7,246 (2013)
Energy Expenditures per Person (USD)$4,732 (2013)
Expenditures of State and Local Government Employee-Retirement Systems (USD Thousands)$1,380 (2012)
Revenue 
Per Capita Personal Income (USD)$37,782 (2014)
State Internal Revenue Collection (USD Thousands)$31 (2014)
Cash and Security Holdings by State Government (USD Thousands)$27,942 (2013)
Per Capita State Tax Collection (USD)$2,722 (2011)
Education 
High School Graduation Rate (%)85.3% (2014)
Percent of Population with a Bachelor's Degree (%)21.4% (2014)
Percent of Population with an Advanced Degree (%)7.5% (2014)
Largest Universities  
University of Arkansas at Fayetteville
University of Arkansas at Little Rock
University of Central Arkansas
Logistics 
Public Road Length (Miles)100,123 Miles (2012)
Gas Tax Rate (%)21.8% (2015)
Number of Public Airports 100 (2015)
Main Airports 
CodeNameCity
FSMFort Smith RegionalFort Smith
LITBill and Hillary Clinton National/Adams FieldLittle Rock
TXKTexarkana Regional-Webb FieldTexarkana
XNANorthwest Arkansas RegionalBentonville
Ports 
Helena
Little Rock
Rogers

Sources:
Air Nav (2009)
American Association of Port Authorities (AAPA) (2009)
Bureau of Business and Economic Research (2009)
Bureau of Labor Statistics (2009)
Bureau of Transportation (2008)
Education Portal (2010)
Federal Aviation Administration (2009)
Internal Revenue Service (2009)
National Association of State Budget Officers (2008)
National Climatic Data Center (2009)
National Governors Association (2011)
Tax Foundation (2008)
U.S. Census Bureau (2000, 2007, 2008, 2009)
U.S. Department of Commerce Bureau of Economic Analysis (2009)
U.S. Energy Information Administration (2008)
U.S. House of Representatives (2011)
United States Senate (2011)

Glossary