Vermont: Profile

Government 
Governor:Peter Shumlin (D)
Treasurer:Elizabeth Pearce (D)
Senators:Bernard Sanders (I)
Patrick Leahy (D)
Entered Union:March 4, 1791
U.S. Representatives:1
Area 
Total Area24,906 km2 / 9,616 mi2
Land Area23,871 km2 / 9,217 mi2
Water Area1,035 km2 / 400 mi2
Water Area Percentage4.16 %
Time Zone  
Standard TimeGMT -5
Daylight-Saving TimeGMT -4
Weather 
Record High Temperature105°F / 40°C , Vernon (July 4, 1911)
Record Low Temperature-50°F / -45°C , Bloomfield (December 30, 1933)
GDP 
Total Gross Domestic Product (USD Billions)$30 (2014)
Per Capita Real GDP (USD)$43,354 (2014)
Population 
Population626,431 (2011)
Under 19 Population150,255 / 24% (2010)
65 and older Population91,078 / 14.6% (2010)
Male Population308,206 / 49.3% (2010)
Female Population317,535 / 50.7% (2010)
Non-English Speaker (at home) 30,174 (2007)
Net International Immigration 421 (2009)
Birth Rate (per 1,000)9.8 per 1,000 (2009)
Percent of People Under Poverty Level (%)12.3% (2013)
Major Cities 
CityPopulation (2012)
Burlington 42,645
South Burlington 18,017
Rutland 16,399
Employment 
Employment 313,700 (2015)
Average Weekly Wage (USD)$808 (2015)
Unemployment Rate (%)4.4% (2014)
Expenditures 
Per Capita State Spending (USD)$7,923 (2013)
Energy Expenditures per Person (USD)$5,196 (2013)
Expenditures of State and Local Government Employee-Retirement Systems (USD Thousands)$266 (2012)
Revenue 
Per Capita Personal Income (USD)$46,428 (2014)
State Internal Revenue Collection (USD Thousands)$4 (2014)
Cash and Security Holdings by State Government (USD Thousands)$7,476 (2013)
Per Capita State Tax Collection (USD)$4,293 (2011)
Education 
High School Graduation Rate (%)92% (2014)
Percent of Population with a Bachelor's Degree (%)34.9% (2014)
Percent of Population with an Advanced Degree (%)14% (2014)
Largest Universities  
University of Vermont
Champlain College
Norwich University
Logistics 
Public Road Length (Miles)14,291 Miles (2012)
Gas Tax Rate (%)30.73% (2015)
Number of Public Airports 16 (2015)
Main Airports 
CodeNameCity
BTVBurlington InternationalBurlington
Ports 
Beecher Falls
Burlington
Derby Line
Highgate Springs
Norton
Richford
St. Albans

Sources:
Air Nav (2009)
American Association of Port Authorities (AAPA) (2009)
Bureau of Business and Economic Research (2009)
Bureau of Labor Statistics (2009)
Bureau of Transportation (2008)
Education Portal (2010)
Federal Aviation Administration (2009)
Internal Revenue Service (2009)
National Association of State Budget Officers (2008)
National Climatic Data Center (2009)
National Governors Association (2011)
Tax Foundation (2008)
U.S. Census Bureau (2000, 2007, 2008, 2009)
U.S. Department of Commerce Bureau of Economic Analysis (2009)
U.S. Energy Information Administration (2008)
U.S. House of Representatives (2011)
United States Senate (2011)

Glossary