Algeria: History

  1. 1830

    French colonization begins and borders of modern-day Algeria are created.

  2. 1962

    Algeria becomes independent from France and Ahmed Ben Bella is elected president.

  3. 1976

    Col Houari Boumedienne, who took over the country in a non-violent coup, forms a new constitution that continues socialist policies and recognizes Islam as the state religion.

  4. 1988

    The collapse of oil and gas prices leads to an economic downturn. Serious rioting occurs throughout the year.

  5. 1992

    After President Chadli resigns, a military council takes over control of the country. The rest of the decade is marked by violence and terrorism.

  6. 2001

    The government agrees to make the Berber language the official language of the country as a concession after Berber protests.

  7. 2006

    Algeria’s economic recovery is exemplified by the fact that the country agrees to pay back all of its $8 billion debt to the Paris Club.

  8. 2011

    Major protests occur over food prices and unemployment, and the government orders that there be cuts to the price of food.


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