French colonization begins and borders of modern-day Algeria are created.
Algeria becomes independent from France and Ahmed Ben Bella is elected president.
Col Houari Boumedienne, who took over the country in a non-violent coup, forms a new constitution that continues socialist policies and recognizes Islam as the state religion.
The collapse of oil and gas prices leads to an economic downturn. Serious rioting occurs throughout the year.
After President Chadli resigns, a military council takes over control of the country. The rest of the decade is marked by violence and terrorism.
The government agrees to make the Berber language the official language of the country as a concession after Berber protests.
Algeria’s economic recovery is exemplified by the fact that the country agrees to pay back all of its $8 billion debt to the Paris Club.
Major protests occur over food prices and unemployment, and the government orders that there be cuts to the price of food.