• French colonization begins and borders of modern-day Algeria are created.
  • Algeria gains independence from France.

  • Violent protests and strikes erupt following the collapse of oil and gas prices, which intensified already increasing inflation and unemployment. Serious rioting continues through 1988.

  • Algeria‚Äôs economic recovery is exemplified by the fact that the country agrees to pay back all of its $8 billion debt to the Paris Club.
  • Nigeria, Niger, and Algeria agree to build a $13 billion pipeline to transport gas across the Sahara to the Mediterranean.

  • Major protests occur over food prices and unemployment, and the government orders that there be cuts to the price of food.
  • Parliament passes constitutional reforms limiting presidents to two terms, expanding the legislature's power and giving the Berber language official status.

  • Street protests prompt President Bouteflika to resign, having earlier postponed presidential elections because of political turmoil. The speaker of the upper house of parliament becomes interim president, but protests continue.


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