• French colonization begins and borders of modern-day Algeria are created.
  • Algeria gains independence from France.

  • Violent protests and strikes erupt following the collapse of oil and gas prices, which intensified already increasing inflation and unemployment. Serious rioting continues through 1988.

  • Algeria‚Äôs economic recovery is exemplified by the fact that the country agrees to pay back all of its $8 billion debt to the Paris Club.
  • Nigeria, Niger, and Algeria agree to build a $13 billion pipeline to transport gas across the Sahara to the Mediterranean.

  • Major protests occur over food prices and unemployment, and the government orders that there be cuts to the price of food.
  • Parliament passes constitutional reforms limiting presidents to two terms, expanding the legislature's power and giving the Berber language official status.

  • Street protests prompt President Bouteflika to resign, having earlier postponed presidential elections because of political turmoil. The speaker of the upper house of parliament becomes interim president, but protests continue.

Sources:

BBC News open_in_new
Britannica open_in_new