Belgium: History

  1. 1830

    Belgium declares its independence from the Netherlands and a constitutional monarchy is established.

  2. 1958

    The Benelux Economic Union is created between Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg to promote free movement of workers, goods, and services.

  3. 1962

    A formal linguistic border is established, with the northern part of the country designated as Dutch speaking and the southern part designated as French speaking.

  4. 1992

    Belgium ratifies the Maastricht Treaty, which creates the European Union

  5. 1993

    Belgium becomes a federal state after changes to its constitution. The country is divided into three separate administrative regions: the Dutch speaking area of Flanders, the French speaking area of Wallonia, and the capital Brussels.

  6. 2002

    The Belgian Franc is replaced by the Euro

  7. 2010

    Following an electoral dispute between the Francophone and Flemish parties, the coalition government collapses.

  8. 2011

    After 541 days without a government, Elio di Rupo is appointed prime minister of a six-party coalition government.


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