The Kingdom of Dahomey becomes a French colony ruled by a French governor.
Dahomey gains its independence from France and becomes part of the United Nations.
Dahomey joins the International Monetary Fund (IMF).
Major Mathieu Kerekou takes power of the country, professing strict Marxist-Leninist principles. The Revolutionary Party of the People of Benin (PRPB) becomes the country’s only political party.
Dahomey is renamed the People’s Republic of Benin.
Benin forms an agreement with the IMF and World Bank that includes economic reforms.
Civil unrest and anti-government strikes occur. President Kerekou announces that the country is abandoning Marxist-Leninism principles and multi-candidate elections will be held the following year.
Benin joins the Community of Sahel-Saharan States.
Benin is awarded debt relief by the World Bank and the African Development Bank.
Significant amounts of oil are discovered at a town along the disputed Benin-Niger border.