Bhutan: Government

Kingdom of Bhutan Flag
Coat of Arms of Kingdom of Bhutan

Key Figures

Chief of State: King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck

Head of Government: Prime Minister Tshering Tobgay

Overview

Government Name: Kingdom of Bhutan

Constitution: Adopted: 2008; Based upon Buddhist philosophy and various other aspects, the Constitution of Bhutan aims to promote and protest the present and future well-being of the people of Bhutan. It details the structure of the political system so that it provides peace and stability while also strengthening Bhutan's security.

Government Type: Constitutional Monarchy

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

The prime minister is the head of the government and heads the executive cabinet, also know as the council of ministers, who controls the executive powers.

The role of king is hereditary, and he must retire by age 65. The prime minister is nominated by the party that wins the most seats in the national assembly.

4 years

Judicial

The high court is the first court of appeal, and the supreme court is the final appeal. The supreme court has the original jurisdiction over constitutional questions and matters of national importance.

Supreme and high court judges are appointed by the king.

No term limit

Legislative

The Bhutanese parliament is bicameral, consisting of the national council and a national assembly.

Bhutan elects its legislative branch through universal suffrage.

5 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: India is Bhutan's largest trade and development partner, providing significant amounts of foreign aid and investment. Bhutan and Nepal established diplomatic relations in 1983 and are still negotiating a solution to a protracted refugee situation, in which over 85,000 refugees reside in seven UNHCR camps in Nepal. Bhutan enjoys diplomatic relations with seven European nations, which form The "Friends of Bhutan" group, together with Japan. These countries are Switzerland, Denmark, Sweden, Norway, the Netherlands, Finland, and Austria. Also known as donor nations, they contribute generously to Bhutanese development and social programs. Bhutan also has diplomatic relations with South Korea, Canada, Australia, Kuwait, Thailand, Bahrain, Bangladesh, the Maldives, Sri Lanka, and Pakistan.

Regional Trade Blocs: SAARC

Treaties: No multilateral military treaties


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ADB BIMSTEC CP ESCAP FAO G-77
IBRD ICAO IDA IFAD IFC IMF
Interpol IOC IOM ISO ITSO ITU
NAM OPCW SAARC SACEP UN UNCTAD
UNESCO UNIDO UNWTO UPU WCO WHO
WIPO WMO WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Endangered Species Hazardous Wastes
Law of the Sea Ozone Layer Protection

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Information not available

Tax Name: Information not available


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary