Bosnia and Herzegovina: Government

Bosnia and Herzegovina Flag
Coat of Arms of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Key Figures

Chief of State: Chairman of the Presidency Dragan Covic, other members of the three-member presidency rotate every eight months

Head of Government: Chairman of the Council of Ministers Denis Zvizdic

Overview

Government Name: Bosnia and Herzegovina

Constitution: Adopted: 1995; Focuses upon the protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Also detailed in the Constitution are the responsibilities of and relations between the institutions of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the entities; the structure of the parliamentary assembly; powers of the president; constitutional court; finances; and various amendments.

Government Type: Federal Democratic Republic

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

The chair of the presidency comprises three members. It is the head of state and is responsible for foreign policy and proposing a budget.

The three chairs of presidency are elected directly by the people to serve rotating eight-month terms for a four-year period as presidency members.

4 years

Judicial

The constitutional court is the supreme, final arbiter of legal matters.

The constitutional court is composed of 9 members selected to serve 5-year terms. Four members are elected by the house of representatives of the Federation, two by the assembly of the Republic of Srpska, and three by the president of the European Court of Human Rights.

Mandatory retirement age of 70

Legislative

The parliamentary assembly is the main legislative body of Bosnia and Herzegovina and consists of the house of peoples and the national house of representatives. Collectively, they are tasked with implementing the presidency's decisions, deciding revenues for institutions, upholding international obligations, approving the national budget, and ratifying treaties and agreements.

The house of people has 15 delegates who serve two year terms. The house of representatives has 42 members who are elected by the people under a system of proportional representation to serve a four-year term.

4 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: The implementation of the Dayton Accords of 1995 has focused the efforts of policymakers in Bosnia and Herzegovina, as well as the international community, on regional stabilization in the former Yugoslavia. However, donor resources for Bosnia and Herzegovina have diminished due to competing assistance priorities elsewhere in the region and globally. Bosnia and Herzegovina's relations with its neighbors Croatia, Montenegro, and Serbia have been fairly stable since the signing of the Dayton Accords in 1995. The U.S. role in the Dayton Accords and their implementation has been key to successes in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Regional Trade Blocs: CEFTA

Treaties: No multilateral military treaties


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

BIS CD CE CEI EAPC EBRD
FAO G-77 IAEA IBRD ICAO ICC
ICRM IDA IFAD IFC IFRCS ILO
IMF IMO IMSO Interpol IOC IOM
IPU ISO ITSO ITU ITUC MIGA
MONUSCO NAM OAS OIC OIF OPCW
OSCE PFP SELEC UN UNCTAD UNESCO
UNIDO UNWTO UPU WCO WHO WIPO
WMO WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Air Pollution Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Hazardous Wastes
Law of the Sea Marine Life Conservation Ozone Layer Protection Wetlands

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Information not available

Tax Name: Information not available


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary