Botswana: Government

Republic of Botswana Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of Botswana

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Seretse Khama Ian Khama

Head of Government: President Seretse Khama Ian Khama

Overview

Government Name: Republic of Botswana

Constitution: Adopted: 1966; The constitution is divided into 9 chapters covering areas ranging from individual rights to the delegation of executive powers.

Government Type: Parliamentary Republic

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

The president appoints judges and cabinet and is in charge of executory tasks of the government.

The president is indirectly elected by the national assembly.

5 years

Judicial

The high court is highest court of the land responsible for exercising judicial power.

The court of appeal and high court chief justices are appointed by the president. Other judges are appointed by the president upon the advice of the judicial service commission.

Mandatory retirement age of 70

Legislative

The house of chiefs serves as an advisory role on bills concerning cultural and social matters. The national assembly is in charge of policy-making.

The national assembly has 57 members whoa are elected by plurality vote in single member constituencies.

5 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Botswana puts a premium on economic and political integration in Southern Africa. It seeks to make SADC a working vehicle for economic development, and promotes efforts to make the region self-policing in terms of preventative diplomacy, conflict resolution, and good governance. Botswana often joins the African consensus on major international matters, but frequently takes its own stand on issues it views as matters of principle. Botswana is a member of international organizations such as the United Nations and the African Union (AU). Botswana has taken a leadership role within SADC advocating for a resolution of the crisis in Zimbabwe that fully reflects the will of the Zimbabwean people.

Regional Trade Blocs: SADC

Treaties: Peace and Security Council


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ACP AfDB AU C CD FAO
G-77 IAEA IBRD ICAO ICRM IDA
IFAD IFC IFRCS ILO IMF Interpol
IOC IOM IPU ISO ITSO ITU
ITUC MIGA NAM OPCW SACU SADC
UN UNCTAD UNESCO UNIDO UNWTO UPU
WCO WFTU WHO WIPO WMO WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Endangered Species Hazardous Wastes
Law of the Sea Ozone Layer Protection Wetlands

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Botswana Unified Revenue Services

Tax Name: VAT


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary