Bulgaria: History

  1. 1878

    Bulgaria is recognized as an autonomous state under the Treaty of San Stefan, which was signed by Russia and Turkey at the end of their war.

  2. 1908

    Bulgaria declares itself an independent kingdom.

  3. 1918

    During World War I, Bulgaria allies itself with Germany. Over 100,000 Bulgarian troops were killed, which was the most severe per capita loss if any nation during the war. 

  4. 1944

    The Soviet Army invades German occupied Bulgaria near the end of World War II.

  5. 1954

    Bulgaria communist party becomes one of the Soviet Union's most loyal allies. 

  6. 1990

    The end of the communist regime liberalizes price controls in the market and led to an economic crisis in the country.

  7. 1997

    Protests against the inflation in prices, rise in unemployment, and decrease in social service prompted the government to seek assistance from international financial institutions.

  8. 2007

    Bulgaria becomes a member of the European Union, which aids the country in revitalizing its economy.


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