Burundi: Government

Republic of Burundi Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of Burundi

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Pierre Nkurunziza

Head of Government: President Pierre Nkurunziza

Overview

Government Name: Republic of Burundi

Constitution: Adopted: 1992; Constitution contains topics such as the state and sovereignty of the people; basic human rights; duties of the individual and the citizen; political parties; the executive/legislative branches and their relations; the independent judiciary; national councils; and treaties and international agreements.

Government Type: Republic

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

The president appoints judges, is commander-in-chief of armed forces, and is in charge of executory tasks of the government.

The president is elected by absolute majority vote through a two round system.

5 years

Judicial

The supreme court is the highest court of the land.

Judges are nominated by the judicial service commission and then appointed by the president with the approval of the senate.

No term limit

Legislative

The legislative branch confirms president's appointments and is in charge of policy-making.

The senate has 34 members indirectly elected by electoral college. The national assembly has 100 members elected through a closed-list proportional representation system.

5 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Burundi's relations with its neighbors have often been affected by security concerns. Burundi maintains close relations with all neighbors in the Great Lakes region, including Rwanda, Uganda, and Democratic Republic of the Congo. In reaffirming Burundi's commitment to regional peacekeeping and allegiance to the African Union, the government recently deployed troops to participate in the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) peacekeeping operation.

Regional Trade Blocs: COMESA, EAC, ECCAS

Treaties: No multilateral military treaties


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ACP AfDB AU CEPGL COMESA EAC
FAO G-77 IAEA IBRD ICAO ICRM
IDA IFAD IFC IFRCS ILO IMF
Interpol IOC IOM IPU ISO ITU
ITUC MIGA NAM OIF OPCW UN
UNAMID UNCTAD UNESCO UNIDO UNISFA UNWTO
UPU WCO WHO WIPO WMO WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Endangered Species Hazardous Wastes
Law of the Sea Ozone Layer Protection Wetlands

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Information not available

Tax Name: Information not available


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary