Cambodia: Government

Kingdom of Cambodia Flag
Coat of Arms of Kingdom of Cambodia

Key Figures

Chief of State: King Norodom Sihamoni

Head of Government: Prime Minister Hun Sen

Overview

Government Name: Kingdom of Cambodia

Constitution: Adopted: 1993; Constitution outlines several topics including sovereignty, basic rights and obligations of citizens, the king and his responsibilities as chief of State, defines policy making process, sets economic rules, outlines the education, cultural and social affairs, establishes liberal democracy, describes and delegates to legislative, judiciary and executive branches

Government Type: Multiparty Democracy under a Constitutional Monarchy

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

The king appoints the prime minister from assembly and is also responsible for upholding sovereignty. He is the supreme commander of the armed forces. The prime minister is the head of government, appointing cabinet members and leading the government.

The king is hereditary. The prime minister is voted on by the assembly and appointed by the king.

Prime Minister: 5 years

Judicial

The judiciary protects the freedom and rights of the citizens.

Judges of both courts are appointed by the monarch.

Supreme Court: no term limit, Constitutional Court: judges are appointed for 9-year terms with one-third of the court renewed every 3 years

Legislative

The legislature creates laws.

The senate has 61 members: 57 are elected by members of the national assembly and local commune councilors, 2 are elected by the national assembly, and 2 members are appointed by the monarch. The national assembly has 123 members who are elected by universal adult suffrage.

Senate: 6 years; National Assembly: 5 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Cambodia has established diplomatic relations with most countries, including the United States. The country is a member of most major international organizations, including the UN and its specialized agencies, and became a member of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) in 1998. Cambodia is a member of the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, and the Asian Development Bank (ADB). On October 13, 2004, Cambodia became the 148th member of the World Trade Organization (WTO).

Regional Trade Blocs: ASEAN

Treaties: No multilateral military treaties


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ADB ARF ASEAN CICA EAS ESCAP
FAO G-77 IAEA IBRD ICAO ICRM
IDA IFAD IFC IFRCS ILO IMF
IMO Interpol IOC IOM IPU ISO
ITU MIGA MINUSMA NAM OIF OPCW
PCA UN UNCTAD UNESCO UNIDO UNIFIL
UNMISS UNWTO UPU WCO WFTU WHO
WIPO WMO WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Endangered Species Hazardous Wastes
Law of the Sea Marine Life Conservation Ozone Layer Protection Ship Pollution Tropical Timber 06 Wetlands
Whaling

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Information not available

Tax Name: Information not available


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary