Canada: History

  1. 1534

    French explorer Jacques Cartier claims the shores of the Gulf of St. Lawrence for France.

  2. 1583

    Newfoundland becomes England's first overseas colony.

  3. 1600s

    Fur trade becomes increasingly important and lucrative in the region, establishing a rivalry between the French, British, and Dutch.

  4. 1756

    The Seven Years' War begins between New France and the British colonies. The war ends in 1763 with the signing of the Treaty of Paris, which gave all French colonies east of the Mississippi to Britain.

  5. 1867

    The British North America Act is passed, creating a federation between Quebec, Ontario, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick, beginning the modern Canadian government.

  6. 1885

    The Canadian Pacific railroad is completed, thereby facilitating communication and transportation across the nation.

  7. 1898

    A gold rush occurs along the upper Yukon River.

  8. 1931

    The Statute of Westminster is agreed upon, giving all British dominions complete autonomy, including Canada.

  9. 1949

    Canada becomes a founding member of North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).

  10. 1982

    The Canada Act is passed by Britain, granting complete independence to Canada.

  11. 1992

    The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) is agreed upon by Canada, the United States, and Mexico.

  12. 2009

    Parliament approves a $30 billion stimulus package to shore up the economy during the global financial crisis.


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