Chad: History

  1. 1891

    The French first enter Chad.

  2. 1913

    The French complete their conquest of Chad and establish it as a colony.

  3. 1960

    Chad becomes an independent nation with Francois Tombalbaye as its president.

  4. 1966

    Revolts in the North become a fully-fledged guerilla war, 4 years after Tombalbaye banned all political parties.

  5. 1973

    French troops help the Tombalbaye government end the revolt, although guerilla operations continue.

  6. 2003

    The first oil pipeline is opened in Chad.

  7. 2004

    A conflict between the governments of Chad and Sudan begins, as Chad supports rebels in Sudan and Sudan supports rebels in Chad. Thousands of Sudanese refugees flee to Chad.

  8. 2006

    The parliament establishes a state oil company, the Societe des Hydrocarbures du Tchad (SHT).

  9. 2010

    Chad and Sudan sign a peace accord, agreeing to break ties with rebel clients, normalize relations, and secure the shared border through joint military cooperation. UN peacekeepers are deployed in the countries.


BBC News