Cyprus: Government

Republic of Cyprus Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of Cyprus

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Nicos Anastasiadies

Head of Government: President Nicos Anastasiadies

Overview

Government Name: Republic of Cyprus

Constitution: Constitution of 1960 collapsed in 1963 due to a dispute between the Greek and Turkish Cypriots.

Government Type: Republic

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

The president is the head of state and government that exercises the executive power.

The president is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system.

5 years

Judicial

The supreme court is independent of the executive and legislative branches.

Supreme court judges are appointed by the president of the republic upon the recommendation of the current supreme court judges.

No term limit

Legislative

The house of representatives shares the legislative power with the government.

The house of representatives has 80 members elected by open list proportional representation in multi-member constituencies.

5 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: The Republic of Cyprus aligns itself with European positions within the EU's Common Foreign and Security Policy. Cyprus has long identified with the West in its cultural affinities and trade patterns, and maintains close relations with Greece. Since 1974, the foreign policy of the Republic of Cyprus has sought the withdrawal of Turkish forces and the most favorable constitutional and territorial settlement possible. This campaign has been pursued primarily through international forums such as the United Nations (see Political Conditions). Turkey does not recognize the Republic of Cyprus.

Regional Trade Blocs: European Union

Treaties: No multilateral military treaties


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

Australia Group C CD CE EBRD ECB
EIB EMU EU FAO IAEA IBRD
ICAO ICC IDA IFAD IFC IFRCS
IHO ILO IMF IMO IMSO Interpol
IOC IOM IPU ISO ITSO ITU
ITUC MIGA NAM NSG OAS OIF
OPCW OSCE PCA UN UNCTAD UNESCO
UNHCR UNIDO UNIFIL UNWTO UPU WCO
WFTU WHO WIPO WMO WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants Air Pollution-Sulfur 94 Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol
Air Pollution Desertification Endangered Species Environmental Modification Hazardous Wastes Law of the Sea
Marine Dumping Ozone Layer Protection Ship Pollution Tropical Timber 06 Wetlands

Note: Click table to see details



Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary