Cyprus: History

  1. AD 364

    Cyprus falls under the rule of the Byzantium Empire.

  2. 1571

    Cyprus is conquered by the Ottomans, who established a millet system, allowing religious authorities to govern their non-Muslim minorities.

  3. 1878

    Cyprus falls under control of Great Britain, though the Ottomans still hold absolute rule.

  4. 1925

    Cyprus becomes a crown colony of Great Britain.

  5. 1960

    Cyprus gains independence; Greece, Turkey, and Britain sign the Treaty of Guarantee, which gives each country the right to intervene in Cyprus.

  6. 1974

    Turkish Cypriots stage a coup and take over one third of the country, causing a major divide with Turkish Cypriots living in the north and Greek Cypriots fleeing to live in the south. A year later, Turkish Cypriots make their own administration with a new president.

  7. 2004

    Cyprus joins the European Union, although it is still divided between the Greeks and the Turks.

  8. 2008

    Cyprus adopts the Euro as its currency.


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