The Incas conquer the Caras people in Quito.
Spanish conquerors led by Francisco Pizarro land and defeat the Incas.
The Spanish conquer Ecuador and make it part of Peru.
Quito, the capital, becomes Spain's administrative district.
Forces led by Antonio Jose de Sucre defeat the Spanish royalist army; Ecuador joins Gran Colombia, an independent region which includes Colombia, Panama, and Venezuela.
Ecuador separates from Gran Colombia and becomes a fully independent republic.
A revolution reduces the influence and power of the Catholic Church and allows for the development of capitalism.
A military coup overthrows the president, installing a junta that institutes social and political reforms.
Oil production becomes big in Ecuador; Velasco is overthrown in a military coup and a military dictatorship is established.
A new constitution is adopted and Ecuador returns to democracy.
An economic downfall occurs because of the falling price of oil, putting Ecuador in a state of emergency.
Ecuador leaves OPEC.