Equatorial Guinea: Government

Republic of Equatorial Guinea Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of Equatorial Guinea

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo

Head of Government: Prime Minister Francisco Pascual Eyegue Obama Asue

Overview

Government Name: Republic of Equatorial Guinea

Constitution: Adopted: 1991; Provides information for the fundamental principles of the state; organization of government; the armed forces, state security, and national defense; and local communities.

Government Type: Republic

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

The president is both the head of state and head of government. It has extensive powers, including naming and dismissing members of the cabinet. It can make laws by decree, dissolve the chamber of representatives, negotiate and ratify treaties, call legislative elections, and act as commander in chief of the armed forces. The prime minister coordinates government activities in areas other than foreign affairs, national defense, and security.

The president is elected through a plurality vote. The prime minister is appointed by the president.

7 years

Judicial

The president is in charge with his judicial advisers (the supreme court). In descending rank are the appeals courts, chief judges for divisions, and local magistrates.

Supreme court judges and constitutional court members are appointed by the president.

5 year terms

Legislative

Legislative power is vested in both the government and the chamber of people's representatives (the lower house of the parliament).

The senate has 55 members elected by plurality vote and 15 members appointed by the president. The house of people's representatives has 100 members elected through a closed-list proportional representation system.

5 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Equatorial Guinea is an influential country in the continent of Africa and maintains cordial relations with its neighboring countries and is also a member of the United Nations, the African Union, the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, and the World Trade Organization.

Regional Trade Blocs: ECCAS

Treaties: Peace and Security Council


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ACP AfDB AU BDEAC CEMAC CPLP
FAO FZ G-77 IBRD ICAO ICRM
IDA IFAD IFC IFRCS ILO IMF
IMO Interpol IOC IPU ITSO ITU
MIGA NAM OAS OIF OPCW UN
UNCTAD UNESCO UNIDO UNWTO UPU WHO
WIPO WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Endangered Species Hazardous Wastes
Law of the Sea Marine Dumping Ozone Layer Protection Ship Pollution Wetlands

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Information not available

Tax Name: Information not available


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary