Ethiopia: Government

Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia Flag
Coat of Arms of Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Mulatu Teshome Wirtu

Head of Government: Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn

Overview

Government Name: Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia

Constitution: Adopted: 1995; Provides for a federal government of nine ethnic-based regions governed by a bicameral parliament. Guarantees that all Ethiopian languages will be equally recognized by the state, but Amharic is considered to be the working language of the federal government.

Government Type: Federal Republic

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

The highest executive powers are vested in the prime minister, whose duties include approving the house of people's representatives nominees for ministerial posts, being the chairman of the council of the ministers, and being the commander-in-chief of the national armed forces.

The president is indirectly elected by the parliament. The prime minister is elected by parliament.

6 years

Judicial

Supreme federal judicial authority is vested in the federal supreme court. Judges shall exercise their functions in full independence and shall be directed solely by the law. The federal supreme court shall draw up and submit to the house of peoples' representatives for approval of the budget of the federal courts, and upon approval, administer the budget.

The president and vice president of the federal supreme court are nominated by the prime minister and appointed by the house of people's representatives. Other supreme court judges are nominated by the federal judicial administrative council and appointed by the house of people's representatives.

Mandatory retirement age of 60

Legislative

The legislature takes measures which promote unity with the consent of the people, and manages the implementation of the rights of nations and nationalities that fall under the jurisdiction of the house of the federation, as well as present recommendations in determining the division of revenues derived from joint federal and state tax sources which are proposed by the executive branch, and the subsidies that the federal government may provide to the states.

The house of federation has 110 members elected by indirect vote. The house of people's representatives has 547 members elected by plurality vote in single member constituencies.

5 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Following World War II Ethiopia took an active role in regional and global politics and also became a charter member of the Untied Nations (UN) and also a founding member of the Organization of African Unity (OAU). Ethiopia is currently a major economic partner with Djibouti and Sudan and is also looking to improve relations with Somalia. Ethiopia's relations with the West have in general revolved around military and economic cooperation.

Regional Trade Blocs: COMESA

Treaties: Peace and Security Council


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ACP AfDB AU COMESA FAO G-24
G-77 IAEA IBRD ICAO ICRM IDA
IFAD IFC IFRCS IGAD ILO IMF
IMO Interpol IOC IOM IPU ISO
ITSO ITU ITUC MIGA NAM OPCW
PCA UN UNAMID UNCTAD UNESCO UNHCR
UNIDO UNISFA UNMIL UNOCI UNWTO UPU
WCO WFTU WHO WIPO WMO WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Endangered Species Environmental Modification
Hazardous Wastes Law of the Sea Ozone Layer Protection

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Information not available

Tax Name: Information not available


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary