The Portuguese come into contact with Ethiopia in an attempt to control the majority of Indian Ocean territory.
Ahmad Gran, a major Muslim leader, conquers most of Ethiopia.
Italy invades Ethiopia.
Ethiopia defeats the Italians, who then recognize Ethiopia's independence.
Italian Fascists invade and capture Ethiopia; Italy takes full control over Ethiopia and combines it with Eritrea and Italian Somaliland to form Italian East Africa.
British, Commonwealth, and Ethiopian troops defeat the Italians, returning the Ethiopian emperor to the throne.
The UN federates Eritrea with Ethiopia.
Haile Selassie, the Ethiopian emperor, annexes Ertirea and makes it a province of Ethiopia.
A group of soldiers called the Derg lead a military coup that overthrows Selassie and establishes a military government.
"Colonel Mengistu, Haile Mariam, seizes power and orchestrates a ""Red Terror"" campaign; he also starts collectivization of agriculture. "
Ethiopia defeats Somalian forces with the help of the Soviet Union and Cuba.
Eritrea becomes independent from Ethiopia.
Ethiopia, based on a new constitution, becomes divided into several regions based on ethnicity.
Border clashes between Ethiopia and Eritrea start, soon breaking out into a war.
Ethiopia and Eritrea sign a peace agreement, ending the war.