Fiji: Government

Republic of Fiji Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of Fiji

Key Figures

Chief of State: President George Konrote

Head of Government: Prime Minister Voreqe "Frank" Bainimarama

Overview

Government Name: Republic of Fiji

Constitution: Adopted: 2013; Eliminates race-based electoral rolls, race-based seat quotas, direct-based representation, the unelected upper chamber, and the role of the hereditary Council of Chiefs. It also dictates that the Parliament of Fiji possess sole legislative power. First to ever grant the right to multiple citizenship and also lowers the voting age to 18.

Government Type: Republic

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

The highest executive powers are vested in the prime minister, whose duties include approving the house of people's representatives nominees for ministerial posts, being the chairman of the council of the ministers, and being the commander-in-chief of the national armed forces.

The president is indirectly elected by parliament. The prime minister is elected by parliament.

6 years

Judicial

Supreme federal judicial authority is vested in the federal supreme court. Judges shall exercise their functions in full independence and shall be directed solely by the law. The federal supreme court shall draw up and submit to the house of peoples' representatives for approval the budget of the federal courts. and upon approval, administer the budget.

The chief justice is appointed by the president of Fiji on the advice of the prime minister following consultation with the parliamentary leader of the opposition. Judges of the supreme court, the president of the court of appeal, the justices of the court of appeal, and puisne judges of the high court are appointed by the president of Fiji, upon the nomination of the judicial service commission, after consulting with the cabinet minister and the committee of the house of representatives responsible for the administration of justice.

Chief Justice, Supreme Court Judges, Justices of Appeal: mandatory retirement age of 70; Puisine Judges: in between 4 and 7 year terms with mandatory retirement age of 65

Legislative

The legislature takes measures which promote unity with the consent of people and manages the implementation of the rights of nations and nationalities that fall under the jurisdiction of the house of the federation, as well as present recommendations in determining the division of revenues derived from joint federal and state tax sources which is proposed by the executive branch and the subsidies that the federal government may provide to the states.

The house of federation has 110 members elected by indirect vote. The house of people's representatives has 547 members elected by plurality vote in single member constituencies.

5 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Fiji has traditionally had close relations and a leadership role among the Pacific Islands countries, based on its transportation, education, economic, and international missions and organization hub role. In 1970 Fiji became a member of the United Nations, participating very actively in the organization especially for a country of its size.

Regional Trade Blocs: No Regional Trade Blocs.

Treaties: No multilateral military treaties


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ACP ADB AOSIS C CP ESCAP
FAO G-77 IAEA IBRD ICAO ICRM
IDA IFAD IFC IFRCS IHO ILO
IMF IMO Interpol IOC ISO ITSO
ITU ITUC MIGA NAM OPCW PCA
PIF Sparteca SPC UN UNCTAD UNESCO
UNIDO UNMISS UNMIT UNWTO UPU WCO
WFTU WHO WIPO WMO WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Endangered Species Law of the Sea
Marine Life Conservation Ozone Layer Protection Tropical Timber 06 Wetlands

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Information not available

Tax Name: Information not available


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary